Volume 75
  • Реєстрація

SETTLEMENT ASPECTS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN KHARKIV REGION

1Pavlo VIRCHENKO, 2Kateryna KRAVCHENKO

1,2V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine

2This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: 

The formation of regional settlement system is defined by the historical process of settling. Kharkiv Region has been populated for a long time both voluntarily and forcibly, which led to development of a special settlement system characterized by a strong monocentric agglomeration and significant development disproportion from the centre to the periphery. Scientific literature has no unified clear concept of the territorial economic development. We propose to understand this term as the complex of settlement processes and the development of interchange in the system “society-nature” in the particular region. Settlement processes we consider to be one among the most important aspects of the territorial economic development. The peculiarities of settlement system in Kharkiv Region are defined by the following factors: profitable physiographical location, favourable climatic conditions, forcible settling of the region, rapid economic development, and directly the proximity to the city of Kharkiv. Modern settlement system in Kharkiv Region is characterized by a large concentration of population in the central part and near the regional capital. Cities play an important role of the population placement in Kharkiv Region. Consequently, the problem of spatial imbalance in the regional development requires the implementation of regional policies aimed an economic development of industrial centres, emphasis on social infrastructure development in the peripheral regions, and development of villages and rural settlement system.

Key words: 

economic development of the region, settlement of population, settlement processes, agricultural development, industrial development, development imbalance, regional policy

Language:

Ukrainian

 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/2413-7154/2016.75.41-45

Suggested citation: Virchenko, P., Kravchenko, K. (2016). Settlement aspect of economic development in Kharkiv Region. Ekonomichna ta Sotsialna Geografiya, 75, 41-45 (in Ukrainian, abstr. in English), https://doi.org/10.17721/2413-7154/2016.75.41-45.

Print ISSN: 2413-7154. Online ISSN: 2413-7553

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Department of Economic and Social Geography, Faculty of Geography, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Prospekt Akademika Hlushkova, 2a, MSP-680, Kyiv, Ukraine 

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